”Kunstformen der Natur” (Art forms of Nature).

Letters from Gondwana.

Ernst Haeckel’s ”Kunstformen der Natur” showing various sea anemones classified as Actiniae. From Wikimedia Commons. Ernst Haeckel’s ”Kunstformen der Natur” showing various sea anemones classified as Actiniae. From Wikimedia Commons.

”Kunstformen der Natur” (Art forms of Nature) was Ernst Haeckel‘s master work. Initially published in ten fascicles of ten plates each – from 1899 to 1904 -, coincided with his most intensive effort to popularise his monistic philosophy in Die Welträthsel and Die Lebenswunder. For Haeckel ‘Beauty’, constituted one of the three pillars of Monism, alongside the ‘Good’ and the ‘True’. Haeckel’s monism,  argued that there is no fundamental difference between organic and inorganic nature, that is, life differed from inorganic nature only in virtue of the degree of its organization. In the introduction to Kunstformen der Natur, Haeckel wrote: ‘Nature generates in her lap an inexhaustible abundance of wonderful forms, whose beauty and diversity surpass by far all art forms produced by man’. He firmly believed that a reformed, naturalistic art, would help to…

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Acerca de Leoncio López-Ocón
Historiador. Investigador del Instituto de Historia del Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales del CSIC. Madrid.

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